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Which of the following statements is true about cable lines

Which of the following statements is true about cable lines?

10BASE-T is what?
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.3 standard specifies 10BASE-T as a local area network (LAN) Ethernet standard. It is one of several physical media that must be used. 10BASE-T can send data at 10 megabits per second (Mbps) over twisted-pair cables that can be up to 100 meters long (m). An RJ45 connector is used to connect the cables that are twisted together.

10BASE-T is a shorthand name that IEEE came up with. The 10 means that the fastest speed of transmission is 10 Mbps. The BASE stands for baseband signaling, which means it can only send and receive Ethernet signals. T means “twisted,” like in “twisted-pair cabling.”

In the 1980s, 10BASE-T was often set up with cheap twisted-pair wires, which were easier to set up than thick and thin coaxial cables. A star architecture was also used for the first time in 10BASE-T Ethernet.

When used with a hub, 10BASE-T lets different ports share the 10 Mbps bandwidth. 10BASE-T can also be used with a switch that can send and receive at full 10 Mbps.

What does 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, and 1000BASE-T mean?

Almost no new items only have 10BASE-T. Most Ethernet hubs, switches, and adapters on the market support 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, and 1000BASE-T. This means that it can send and receive data at 10, 100, and 1,000 Mbps, respectively. There is also 10GBASE-T, which can send data at a rate of 10 gigabits per second (billions of bits).

In addition to 10BASE-T, the following media types can also be used to implement 10 Mb Ethernet:

Thin-wire coaxial cable with a maximum length of 185 m per segment.
10BASE-5: Coaxial cable with thick wires and a maximum segment length of 500 m.
10BASE-F. Fiber optics

10BASE-36 is a broadband coaxial cable that can be up to 3,600 m long and can carry multiple baseband channels.
In the above, F stands for fiber optic cable, and 2, 5, and 36 are the lengths of coaxial cable segments, with the first length of 185 m rounded up to 2 for 200.

How does 10BASE-T work?

Most 10BASE-T networks are wired to a central hub. This is called a “star topology.” Category 3, 4, or 5 cables are used for twisted-pair wiring that does not have a shield. RJ45 connectors are used to end the wires.

Patch panels organize the wires and give cables that run inside walls a place to end. Patch cables connect each port on a patch panel to a central hub. The wires are hidden in a wiring cabinet or arranged on a rack so that they are easy to get to.

Since a cable in a 10BASE-T network can only be 100 m long, you need repeaters to cover longer distances. Repeaters are used to connect two or more segments, with each segment being at least 2.5 m long.

Hubs that cascade or hubs that can be stacked are used to connect many computers. However, they can only handle up to 1,024 nodes. In this case, the best performance is reached when there are no more than 200 or 300 nodes.

How do you make a 10BASE-T cable stop working?

To finish the connection inside the wall, 10BASE-T cables are plugged into a Mod-Tap or a similar wall jack.

How does 10BASE-T1L work?

As part of the 802.3cg standard, 10BASE-T1L is an Ethernet physical layer standard that was approved by IEEE at the end of 2019. 10BASE-T1L helps field-level devices, like sensors, connect to Ethernet in a seamless way. The L in 10BASE-T1L stands for long distances, which can be up to 1 kilometer.

It makes process automation protocols that improve operational efficiency much better. In the field of process automation, for example, 10BASE-T1L helped solve problems with wiring, bandwidth, data islands, distance, and power.

How does 10BASE-T1S work?

10BASE-T1S, also called 10 Mbps Single Pair Ethernet, is another fairly new technology that IEEE has approved with 802.3cg. Short reach is what the S in 10BASE-T1S stands for. This version uses a topology called “multidrop,” in which each node connects to a single cable. It’s a way to do things that get rid of the need for switches and, as a result, use less cable.

Most Ethernet cables have four sets of two wires each. But 10BASE-T1S cables only have one pair of wires that are twisted. IEEE says that at least eight nodes can connect to each other, but it is possible to connect more than that.

The main goal of 10BASE-T1S is to provide deterministic transmission on a network with more than one drop that doesn’t have any collisions. It is used in applications that use CAN Flexible Data Rate, Controller Area Network, or 100BASE-T1. The Physical Layer Collision Avoidance protocol makes sure that all 10 Mbps of bandwidth are used.

10BASE-T1S also has an arbitration scheme that makes sure that nodes can access the media without problems within a certain amount of time.


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